عنوان مقاله [English]
The power of imagination and storytelling is one of the means for expressing man's historical and biological riddles. Since the beginning of human imagination and the moment of literary creation, the relationship between literature and myth has always existed. Documentaries and fictional records provide the opportunity to reconstruct historical and mythical phenomena and to analyze psychological concepts. The twentieth-century writers, including Gustave Le Clézio, put forward their ideas in imaginative and realistic contexts; these contexts carry the perceptual and historical features that are collectively achievable. By re-reading some Jungian archetypes, such as persona, anima, animus, sage, shadow, back to oneself and birth, Le Clézio relied a large part of his writing on the collective conscious and myths, and could depict the deepest layers and latent myths of human psyche along with individual and natural elements in the fictional and imaginative world. The process of individuality and the movement of his fictional characters are also formed alongside this fictional world. Hence, the narrative structure of his stories presents a symbolic psychological system that is defined in the context of history and myth. The aim of the present article is to identify this psychological system along with Jungian archetypes in three works of Le Clézio, Desert, The Prospector and The Book of Flights.