عنوان مقاله [English]
Language is one of major means for relating the world of "self" and "other". It is also linked to morality. By using phenomenological approach, the authors of present article try to consider the ethical origin of some important issues in Maqalat-e Shams-e Tabrizi (Discourse of Shams-i Tabrizi) , the issues leading to a proper understanding of the character of Shams-e Tabrizi. Therefore, by utilizing library method and content analysis, first we consider the concept of "isolation" as one of the most important concepts in his thoughts, and then look at his views about moral responsibility regarding "self" and "other" and the relation of ethics and language as well. Then, we consider two methods which the language in the book was used. Sometimes he refers to necessity of speaking with "other" and at times he responds with negative language to encounter the "other". Finally, Shams' critique to some his previous mystics, is considered as a discourse in ethical arena.