بررسی نقش‌مایه‌های مشترک در اسطوره‌های برادرکشی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

برادرآزاری و برادرکشی در شمار کهن‏الگوهایی است که سابقه‏ای به درازای عمر بشر دارد و پیشینه آن به ادیان و اسطوره‏های مربوط به آغاز آفرینش بازمی‏گردد. در این کهن‏الگو، حس رقابت و حسادت میان برادران به علل گوناگونی ازجمله توجه بیش از حدّ پدر به یک برادر، یا دستیابی او به یک موقعیت ممتاز برانگیخته می‏شود. داستان‏های اسطوره‏ای با مضمون برادرکشی در آثار ملل مختلف دیده می‏شود. مقایسة این آثار وجوه اشتراک و شباهت آنها را آشکار می‏کند و نشان می‏دهد که بیشتر این داستان‏ها نقش‏ویژه‏های مشابهی دارند که در اغلب اسطوره‏های مرتبط نمود یافته‏اند. گونة دیگر برادرکشی، برادرکشی‏های تاریخی است که آن هم از اعصار کهن در تاریخ و ادب ملل گوناگون به وقوع پیوسته است. پژوهش حاضر در پی پاسخ به این پرسش است که مضمون برادرکشی در اسطوره‏های ملل مختلف در چه اشکالی نمود یافته است؟ برای پاسخ به این پرسش، با روش توصیفی- تحلیلی، ابتدا نمونه‏های کهن‏الگوی برادرکشی در اسطوره‏های سرزمین‏های گوناگون را ذکر کرده‏ایم و سپس به بیان نقش‏مایه‏های مشترک در بین این اسطوره‏ها پرداخته‏ایم و آنها را به‏لحاظ ساختاری تحلیل کرده‏ایم.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of Common Themes in the Myths of Fratricide

نویسنده [English]

  • Seidamir Jahādji Hosseini
The Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
چکیده [English]

Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 
Fratricide, as an archetype, has a precedent as old as human life and its origin goes back to religions and the myths of Creation. According to the myth of fratricide, sense of competition and jealousy among brothers are instigated by their father paying too much attention to one of brothers or one
of the brothers somehow gains a better position than the other. We can read the stories of fratricide in the texts of nations and compare their differences and similarities. The present article attempts to answer this question: How has the theme of fratricide appeared in the myths of various nations? To answer this question, at first, we consider the samples of the myth of fratricide among various nations by using descriptive-analytical method. Then the common themes of the myths and their structures are analyzed.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Myth
  • Archetype
  • Fratricide
  • Comparing the Myths
  • The Common Themes

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