عنوان مقاله [English]
In Islamic mysticism, the idea of “silence” refers to a method of meditation and is means for purification of the carnal soul. In Persian language 'Khamush', meaning silent, mute, or quite, is a word which Mawlānā Jālāl al-Din Balkhi frequently used in his poetry. In Divān-e-Shams, hundreds of odes end with 'khamush'. Some scholars are of the opinion that Mawlānā used nom de plume 'Khamush' in his poetry, hence the numerous references are made to the word 'Khamush' at the end of his odes.
And some scholars believe that Shams-e Tabrizi tought the art of “silence” to Mawlānā that helped him change from a respected professor of theology into a lover of God.