عنوان مقاله [English]
According to most of the Iranian narratives, Jamshid is a mythical character who lost his power, kingship, charisma, and immortality because of committing a sin which its nature is not known exactly; and at last, he was wandering for a while and then was killed by Zahhak. According to whatever mentioned in old sources, Jam's era represents a time of pure happiness. However this everlasting dignity and power is deteriorated due to committing a sin by him, and he who once considered as one of the best mythical kings, lost his face, in a way that his golden age came to a bitter end. In various stories remained about his fate and downfall he and his life are portrayed very differently. While in a number of stories he and his dynasty are considered as the God worshipers, others refer to him as a deviant and unbeliever in God. It is claimed that he have committed two types of sins, among them eating and feeding animal flesh, disobeying Ūrmazd and also claiming to be God. In the present study we try to reveal some of the dark aspects related to this ancient king, and by comparing existing stories, this study tries to shed light on these differences. Besides, we try to answer this question that whether or not Jamshid has really committed a sin, by comparing different viewpoints provided about the problem.