عنوان مقاله [English]
Even though, Thomas More, English writer and philosopher, proposed the term of “utopia” for first time, man has always tried to portray and imagine an ideal society which is free from injustice, failure and misfortune. Man’s motive behind creating utopias was to reduce suffering and pain and point at the problems and merits of his own society. Many poets, writers and philosophers, like Plato, Aristotle, Al-Farabi and Nezami, have spoken about the characters and formation of the ideal society. In ancient Iran, as cited in Shahnāmeh, there are ideal kings like Jamshid, Fereydun, Kai Khosrow and Siavash; and ideal places like Kangdezh and Siyavashgerd. In the present article, some of these characters and places in the story of Siavash will be studied.